EvoToolkit - v2.3.0 (Changelog)

Lazy Loading

Lazy loading allows you to defer loading of image assets until they are needed. Typically, this is when they're about to enter the browser viewport.

This improves the initial page load times, and can be triggered through the use of a suite of data attributes:-

  • data-lazy-src - Replace an image's src attribute with this, and when the image is about to enter the viewport it will be loaded.
  • data-lazy-srcset - The same as the above, but with an image's srcset attribute.
  • data-lazy-class - This is for images set as backgrounds through CSS. When the image enters the viewport, the value of this attribute is added as a class to the element, which should be used to add any relevant background-image styles. If no value is passed to data-lazy-class, is-loading is used.

Source

Contributors

Luke Harrison

Base

With lazy loaded images, it's important to supply a placeholder of the same dimensions so when the image is loaded in, the browser doesn't trigger a reflow as nothing has to be resized.

To make this process easy, a base64 transparent SVG can be added to the src attribute. Simply change the 2 numbers in the SVGs viewBox attribute to match the width and height values.

Here's a 400px x 350px placeholder, which has a 8:7 aspect ratio.

data:image/svg+xml,%3Csvg xmlns='http://www.w3.org/2000/svg' viewBox='0 0 400 350' /%3E

In Chrome developer tools, open the network tab and scroll to see the browser load in the images as required.

Scroll down and when the image is about to enter the viewport, it will be loaded in.

The next image is responsive, and requires a srcset to function.

Finally, the last example is of a class based background image, which is added to the element and triggers a network request for the image.

<p class="u-align-center" style="height:1000px;">Scroll down and when the image is about to enter the viewport, it will be loaded in.</p> <img class="u-margin-bottom-regular u-width-full" src="data:image/svg+xml,%3Csvg xmlns='http://www.w3.org/2000/svg' viewBox='0 0 250 167' /%3E" data-lazy-src="/static/img/cat3-a11790409f.jpg"> <p class="u-align-center" style="height:1000px;">The next image is responsive, and requires a <code>srcset</code> to function.</p> <img class="u-margin-bottom-regular u-width-full" src="data:image/svg+xml,%3Csvg xmlns='http://www.w3.org/2000/svg' viewBox='0 0 62466 35158' /%3E" data-lazy-src="/static/img/cat6-7614a7a6ba.jpg" data-lazy-srcset="/static/img/cat8-d8f9b6065c.jpg 1x, /static/img/cat8-d8f9b6065c.jpg 2x"> <p class="u-align-center" style="height:1000px;">Finally, the last example is of a class based background image, which is added to the element and triggers a network request for the image.</p> <div style="height: 300px; width: 100%;" data-lazy-class="u-cat-background"></div>